OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Meeting
October 2 – October 13 2006, Warsaw
Working Session 14: National Minorities
October 11, 2006
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Statement of Rainbow - the organisation of the Macedonian minority of Greece
|Thank you Mr Moderator.
My statement today shall focus on the linguistic rights of national minorities. Specifically I shall speak about the Macedonian speaking
community in Greece.
Although various human rights bodies have strongly recommended the Greek state to take measures for the recognition and the protection of the
linguistic rights of the Macedonian-speaking population in Greece, the Greek government continues to ignore such advice. For example, in 2003
the European Commission for Racism and Intolerance recommended that Greece sign the European Charter of Regional or Minority Languages, as well
as ratify the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
I would like to mention here that it is a common practice of Greek representatives in various international forums, as it was the case last
year with the Greek representative in the Council of Europe, Mr. Ayfantis, to claim that “there is a small number of people speaking a Slavic
dialect or idiom in Northern Greece” referring to the Macedonian-speaking community. So the question must be asked: why has the Greek government
not taken any measures to protect and promote the so-called “dialect”? I should mention that the so-called dialect or idiom that the Greek
government refers to actually belongs to a language. This language is the Macedonian language.
Another strange approach of the Greek government as we heard on Monday from the Greek Ambassador is to equate the size of the Macedonian minority
with the political affiliation of the citizens as expressed in the elections. Mr. Ambassador, you should be aware that Macedonian speakers vote
for many parties and not just exclusively for EFA-Rainbow. The most democratic and accurate way to measure the number of persons belonging to a
linguistic or national minority is not through elections but through the national census. Unfortunately the right to express one’s linguistic or
ethnic identity is not possible through the Greek census. We strongly encourage the Greek government to make this possible at the next census in
But even if the results of a future census were to show that the Macedonian minority is les than 1% as the distinguished Greek Ambassador claimed
on Monday’s session referring to the votes of EFA-Rainbow, are they not entitled to cultural rights? Of a total population of 70,000,000 people
in Turkey, the Greek orthodox minority numbers less than 3,000 people which accounts for only 0,003% of the population. Of course this minority
is no less deserving of basic linguistic rights, which by the way they already enjoy.
Rainbow believes that in a situation were a minority is small in numbers the state policy towards this minority should be even more progressive
in the protection of their identity. We as members of the Macedonian minority in Greece have taken the first step towards achieving this, by
printing a primer of the Macedonian language. We hope this initiative will finally convince the Ministry of Education in our country to take the
necessary measures to introduce the Macedonian language to the Greek educational system.
In this regard Mr. Ambassador I would like you to be the first representative of the Greek government to officially receive this publication.
I thank you for your attention.
[Rainbow representative pauses from his speech to hand the Greek ambassador, Mr Manesis, a copy of the Macedonian language primer “Abecedar”]